Kittens should be vaccinated from 8 weeks of age, with a course of 3 vaccines.
- Feline panleucopaenia or infectious enteritis: is a highly infectious viral gastroenteritis. Clinical signs include fever, vomiting and/or diarrhoea and death.
- Feline herpes virus causes cat flu. Signs include sneezing, eye and nasal discharge. Some cats can become life long carriers and symptoms may recur when stressed.
- Calicivirus also contributes to cat flu. It causes upper respiratory tract symptoms, ulcers on the tongue, gums, lips or nose.
All cats with access to the outdoors or who interact with infected cats should be vaccinated. The FIV vaccination can be started from 8 weeks of age and requires a course of 3 vaccines, two weeks apart, to provide full protection. Immunity is then retained through yearly booster vaccines.
Feline immunodeficiency virus affects a cat’s immune system and is in the same class as human HIV. FIV is mostly spread through bite wounds from infected cats and therefore being un-desexed, male and outdoors increases risk.
Symptoms include fever, lethargy, loss of appetite, diarrhoea and swollen lymph nodes. Feline FIV can progress, just like human HIV, to AIDs.